Prebiotics are more or less defined as food ingredients that encourage the growth of beneficial microorganisms. One of the commonly seen examples of prebiotics altering the composition of the organisms is in the gastrointestinal tract. There are several supplements like prebiothrive Gundry MD which can help improve the activity of beneficial microorganisms in your body. According to the experts at www.healthline.com, in order to be considered as a prebiotic, it has to fulfil the following three criteria:
· Ability to prevent itself being broken down by enzymes or stomach acid.
· Ability to be fermented in the gut by the microflora.
· Ability to be a food source for the beneficial microorganisms and not for the other pathogens in the gut.
Prebiotics come in two forms: soluble fibre or non-digestible sugars. Although humans cannot digest insoluble fibre, it acts as an irritant in the digestive tract and essentially helps create a laxative effect causing the waste to move through the intestines. Soluble fibres, as the name suggests is soluble in water and forms a gel-like substance which slows down the process of digestion. The most commonly accepted prebiotics by scientists include fructooligosaccharides and galactooligosaccharides. Prebiotics are basically either carbohydrates or sugars but do not raise the blood sugar level, making it beneficial for human consumption. Although you can obtain you required levels of prebiotics from natural food, you also have the option of having supplements to improve your intake.
Although breast milk is not exactly made up of a lot of vitamins or minerals, babies seem to thrive on it. This is due to the presence of only a single type of bacteria in their gut that thrives on the waste products in the milk. After babies are introduced to formula or other food sources, the bacteria present in their gut starts to change and gets replaced with other forms of bacteria. These new bacteria require an increased amount of prebiotics and in a wider variety as well. These changes result in allergies, bowel movement change, respiratory infections, and developmental problems and so on. Although the beneficial bacteria is same as that in human adults, the baby needs time to adjust to the new change and hence incurs these problems causing physiological stress.
Whole grains like brown rice, whole wheat pasta, oatmeal, barley, flax are all excellent sources of soluble fibre. In fact, many prebiotic supplements are made from these kinds of grains. Prebiotics also occur naturally in fruits and vegetables, making it necessary to include them in your daily diet. Medical professionals recommend eating a wide range of produce to imbibe prebiotics naturally. You can choose to eat them raw or cooked, as per your taste preference. The food industry also adds soluble fibres to some products like jams, yoghurts, jellies. Nutrition bars, pudding cups, drinks and so on to give their consumers a dose of prebiotics to improve their gastrointestinal health. This is why it is necessary to have a healthy diet consisting of all essential food products to ensure that you remain healthy all year round.